Q143. What are the privileges conferred on legislators & parliamentarians by the constitution of
a) Inside the House b) Outside the House
Q144. What are privileges conferred on constitutional functionaries, like
a) President of India b) Prime Minister of India
c) Chief Justice of India d) Chairman of NHRC
e) Central Vigilance Commissioners.
Q145. Are the privileges legal immunity conferred on above mentioned constitutional functionaries ?
a) Cover all their official actions irrespective of merit.
b) Cover both their official & personal actions.
Q146. Are the privileges defined & codified ?
Q147. Are these privileges above freedom of the press ?
Q148. Are the liberty & fundamental rights of the citizens guaranteed by the constitution, above the privileges of the constitutional functionaries or equal or below ?
Q149. Can the Indian legislatures & parliament be equated to the House of commons in
Q150. Can the division of powers, namely the legislature, the executive and the Judiciary, be equated to the functioning of the House of commons and House of Lords in
Q151. Can a citizen be said to have committed breach of privilege of the House or court and causing contempt of the house or court by raising the issues of accountability of constitutional functionaries ?
Q152. Can a Legislature or Parliament enact a new law, to circumvent or to nullify the Judicial orders with respect to wrongdoings by peoples representatives & executive ? does not it amount to infringement of Judicial powers & contempt of the court by the House.
Q153. Are the FUNDAMENTAL DUTIES of a citizen more important than constitutional duties of a constitutional functionary or equal in importance to it ?
Q154. Can a constitutional functionary commit crimes, anti-national activities in the name of constitutional duties, behind the legal veil of official's secret act & go unaccountable for his actions and go unpunished by his legal immunity privileges
Q155. Are the Legislators members of parliament, High court & Supreme court Judges and other constitutional functionaries not willing to codify their privileges for the reason that if codified their privileges would be curtailed and their action would be subjected to legal scrutiny. ?
Q156. By votes of citizens Legislators and parliamentarians get seats in the legislature and Parliament out of tax payer's money, they get their pay, perks & lead 5-Star luxurious lifestyles. Hence whether a vote of a citizen is above (More valid) or a seat of legislator or parliamentarian is above or more valid in a democracy ?
Q157. Judges & Constitutional functionaries are indirectly appointed by voters / tax payers. Out of tax payers money, they get their pay, perks & lead 5-star luxurious lifestyles. Hence, whether the vote of a citizen, fundamental duties of a tax payer is above (more valid) or a seat of judge / constitutional functionary is above (more
valid) in a democracy ?
Q158. If there is a vacuum in the Legislature or parliament, who is to fill up that vacuum till such time that the legislature or parliament acts provide a solution by performing its role by enacting proper legislation to cover the field (vacuum) ?
Q159. While it is an unhealthy practice for a Judge to claim to be a Judge in his own cause, is it not worse for the members of the legislature and parliament to be judges in their own cause ?
Q160. Are the Technicalities of the case more important to a judge or Justice to a citizen, protection of fundamental rights of citizen.?
Q161. Why not the constitutional functionaries initiate suo moto action with respect to numerous cases of injustices reported in Media ?
Q162. Why not the Judges admit various cases of Injustices affecting public, as the Public Interest Litigation" ? In some cases, the Public or the person representing them is unable to afford the high cost of the case. Why not free legal aid is given ?.
Q163. What is the criteria for admitting a P.I.L. & giving free legal aid ?
Q164. Communication - free flow of information is the lifeline of a democracy. Why the constitutional functionaries are not honouring the Right to Information of Citizens ?
- Another independence struggle in
After 63 years of
The criminalization of politics , executive & judiciary is almost complete. The corruption has spread it's tentacles far & wide , there is corruption from womb to tomb ,from maternity hospital to grave yard. The injustices meated out , the atrocities perpetrated by by public servants are worse than britishers.
Ideally in a democracy, the legal recourse of grievance redressal / justice , when a commoner suffers injustice he can appeal to respective government official or police for justice , still if doesn't get justice he can appeal to court of law , further the aggrieved can get the appropriate law enacted through his M.P / M.L.A. The sad part in
When all the legal recourses to justice fail to respond , to provide justice to the aggrieved , when corrupt judges-police-politician-public servants act as a criminal nexus & block justice delivery, the commoner has only 2 options , either to suffer in silence or to take law into his own hands & get justice on his own.
Take for instance
In some cases , involving the rich &mighty ,higher police officials , the cover-up begins right from start ie FIR Registration. Police conduct name sake enquiry , investigation, suppress evidences , witnesses , destroy some of them , the prosecution takes a favourable stand putting up weak arguments. Naturally, the guilty official , minister is acquitted by court for lack of evidences. So, the guilty who should have been rightfully put behind bars , hanged goes scot-free , to commit more crimes , more anti-national activities.
In such cases , if the suffering public give the legal punishment to the guilty , which should have been given by the court but failed. Are not such acts of public, to uphold law & dignity , national security right & patriotic ? if any body terms it as crime , that means guilty VVIPs , police , public servants should be left unpunished allowing them to commit more crimes , anti-national activities. Is that right from national security angle ? is it equality before law & equitable justice ?
Do remember that our freedom fighters ,martyrs ,sri.kudiram bose ,subhash Chandra bose , bhagath singh , veer savarkar others who took violent path of independence struggle & killed inhuman british officers, police & judges have contributed valuably ,immensely to our freedom struggle. One of the main causes of origin of naxalism ,separatist movements is the rampant corruption & unaccountability of public servants in
In this back drop , in
If the authorities term this act as illegal , crime then are the acts of corrupt public servants legal ? is the cover-up of such corrupt acts by police , vigilance officials & some judges by mis quoting /misinterpreting , misusing law is right , legal ? the GOI has created , funded , supported , given training , arms & ammunition to various terrorist outfits like LTTE , MUKTHI BAHINI ,MQM in foreign countries , resulting in destruction , mass murders of innocents there . In
In our own experience, e-voice didn't get justice from authorities in many cases of injustices brought before it , most shameful fact even supreme court of India failed to register PILs , even shameful supreme court of India even failed to give information as per RTI Act , utterly shameful supreme court of India failed to protect the fundamental rights of editor of e-voice & obstructed him from performing his fundamental duties. Still, e-voice believes in peace , democratic practices. E-voice firmly believes that violence should not be practiced by anybody – neither state nor public.
Hereby, e-voice urges the corrupt public servants to mend their ways , to uphold law & dignity of democratic institutions. Atrocities , violence , corruption breeds more violence , invites dog's death. Peace ,truth , honesty is the harbinger of prosperous democratic nation. Greetings to all my Indian brothers & sisters on the occasion of 61st independence day celebrations, let us build a true democratic
CRIMES COMMITTED BY LAW COURTS IN
- An appeal to honourable supreme court of india
Indian prisons are meant to be reforming schools for the prisoners. By the corrupt practices of the officials , the prisons have become factories turning out hardened criminals.
Say , a person was caught by police on suspicion of pick-pocketing. The police produce the accussed before the magistrate , in turn he remands him for judicial custody. Let us consider , The punishment for this offence pick-pocketing as per law is 6 months imprisonment. However the case drags on for 3 years , finally the court finds him guilty of offence & orders for 6 months imprisonment. Totally, the offender serves 42 months imprisonment sentence in practice. In some cases , the courts consider the time already spent by the accussed behind the bars while giving judgement. In this example , even if the offender is let free taking 6 months imprisonment sentence, the offender has been given excess sentence of 36-6=30 months.
Taking the same example further, say the court finds the accused as innocent, not guilty of crime & lets him free. However , the poor chap has suffered 36 months imprisonment for no fault of his.
As per law, no body not even the courts of law are legally empowered to punish anybody beyond the legal procedures , rules established. In this way, due to delay in our legal system , faulty bail procedures , thousands of under-trials are suffering in various prisons throught
The bail procedure in
Say, a rich industrialist is accused of rs.20 crores tax evasion, he is let free on a personal bond of rs.1 lakh. Stamp paper scam kingpin karim lala telgi has swindled government to the tune of thousands of crores of rupees, only few cases are registered against him. That too in one out of those cases involving rs.45 lakh worth stamp sale , judge has given him rigorous imprisonment plus a fine of rs.50000.
Considering the above examples it is quite clear the bail amount, fine amount are peanuts for the rich just a fraction of quantum of their crime , while for the poor it is huge many times more than the quantum of their crime.. it is biased towards rich & mighty criminals. As a result poor always suffers in jail, while rich are out on bail.
Even within prisons , the number of prisoners per sq.ft area , no of doctors , hospital beds , medicines available, weight of food per day given to prisoners , are all less & much below the statuotary limits. The food , health care , living conditions of prisoners , under-trials are worse than pigs. The prison authorities are utterly corrupt, which has been brought into light again & again by the media. If a poor prisoner questions the illegal acts of the officials , he is subjected to 3rd degree torture , roughed up by rowdy prisoners on the instigation of the officials themselves. Many poor prisoners are suffering from health problems , many are dying due to lack of proper health care & food in the prisons.
Whereas , the rich & mighty prisoners , by payting bribe get non-veg , alchoholic drinks from outside restaurants daily. They even secure drugs . they get spacious VIP rooms , television , mobile phones. They easily get parole & easily gets admitted in outside hospitals & roam free , while on record they are in-patients in hospitals.
The law of limitation which stipulates time limits for filing various cases is also biased towards the government as a party & rich , mighty. For the purposes of evidences , filing of cases one needs various government records. The concerned officials don't provide those records for years unless bribed & sit over the files for years. Some times by making absurd , illogical file notings , rejects it back. There is no time limit for the performance of duties by public servants. When a commoner donï¿½t get relevant records , files , evidences in time , how can he file cases in time without those records , evidences ?
Nowadays , numerous cases of irregularities , charges of corruption against judges are coming to light. However , in such cases judges are asked to resign from service but no criminal prosecution against them is instituted , only in cases involving lower court judges it is done. When a case of irregularity by a judge in a specific present case comes , there are every possibility that in the past also he has committed the same in cases handled by him which has not come to light. In such instances , all the cases handled by that particular judge throught his career must be reviewed , but is not done why ? does not it amount to cover-ups ?
In many cases the higher courts have turned down the verdicts of the lower courts , let free the innocents , absolved innocents of charges & annulled death sentences when appeals came before them. However , in all such cases , the lower court judges must be punished for giving out wrong judgements, meating out injustice to innocents. Here a fact must be noted , only a fraction of cases goes in appeal to higher courts, as in majority of cases the poor people lack the financial might to make the appeal. The so-called free legal services authority pre-judges the cases before giving legal aid. As a result , many innocents poor people resign to their fates suffer injustice in courts of law , undergo imprisonment punishment , some times even death sentence. So , the urgent need of the hour is to incorporate jury system or some outside monitoring system to review cases as & when decided.
In many cases involving the rich & mighty like telgi , case proceedings are conducted in-camera in judge's chambers or proceedings are conducted through video conferencing . outside from public gaze. The tapes are not made public and the public cann't even ascertain the validity of tapes , whether it is edited , doctored .
One of the basic reasons for delayed justice & worse prison conditions in
The government has got money to spend on lavish parties of VVIPs , IAS officers serving non-veg foods , alchoholic drinks . their foreign jaunts , 5-star bungalows , limousines , interior decorations of their bungalows, etc. which is of higher priority , importance , whether the luxury of VVIPs or the fundamental / human rights of commoners ? the courts should answer. The courts have the legal powers to order governments to provide enough financial grants to it , however it is keeping mum , turning blinds eye to crimes of VVIPï¿½s. the government rewards such judges with salary hikes , promotions , luxury cars , bungalows , perks and post-retirement postings , sites at judicial lay-out , yelahanka , Bangalore , etc.
We at e-voice has utmost respect for the judiciary , but hereby humbly bringing the crimes of judiciary before the honest few judges seeking justice to the common folk.
Indian judiciary's contempt for accountability and scrutiny is a shame
The Delhi High Court on
The report, relying upon documentary evidence, alleged that the judge's two sons Mr. Chetan and Mr. Nitin had made material benefits out of their father's position in the Indian judiciary as a senior judge and also as the Chief Justice of the country. The report alleged that the judge's sons managed their business from their father's official residence at 6 Moti Lal Nehru Marg,
The Supreme Court of India is known for using the constitutional mandate and authority to initiate actions of public interest. The court in the past has even taken note of newspaper reports to initiate suo motu actions against suspected breach of law and misuse of office by public servants. This earnestness and enthusiasm has not been thus far reflected in the Indian courts' approach against scrutinising the activities of the courts and its judges. On the contrary, the Indian courts have been very parochial in its approach in facing criticism.
Earlier this year, the Supreme Court of India had forced Mr. Vijay Shekhar, a journalist with a television news channel, who exposed the caucus of a corrupt magistrate, his court staff and some lawyers in
The Supreme Court took up the matter and directed the Gujarat High Court to initiate an internal enquiry against the concerned judicial officer and his staff. The judge was however absolved by the Gujarat High Court without examining the complainants. Thereafter, the Supreme Court of India condemned the journalist who had carried out this operation and threatened to send him to jail for contempt unless he apologised.
The conviction and sentencing of journalists of Mid-Day for publishing information about the conduct of Mr. Sabharwal has brought to the fore the issue of judicial accountability. The Indian judiciary is one of the most powerful judiciaries of the world. The conduct of the judiciary has a direct impact upon the life of the ordinary people of the country. It is imperative in these circumstances that a state institution of such high powers must be transparent and accountable for its actions. The courts in
Under the Constitution of India, the only way to remove a judge from the High Court or the Supreme Court is by way of impeachment. This constitutional provision has failed miserably. Its ineffectiveness was clearly demonstrated in the case of Justice V. Ramaswami. At the same time, despite verbal homilies, the courts and judges have been the most reluctant to evolve even a self-monitoring mechanism for accountability. Such a situation has caused enormous arrogance and abuse of power.
This is reflected in the procedure adopted for appointment of judges in the higher judiciary as well. Even though the appointment is made by the President of India, the selection is made by the collegium of judges. The selection process is non-transparent and all attempts to make the process transparent have been resisted by the judiciary thus far.
Demanding judicial accountability has almost certainly caused initiation of contempt proceedings, thereby, stifling of free discussion on the issues plaguing the judiciary in
There are judicial systems within
The Supreme Court of Sri Lanka has now stooped down to a stage where public perception about the impartiality of the court and its competency to decide matters on merits is at an all time low. As a result the general public views the courts in
The term democracy implies the notion that the people are supreme. All state institutions, whether it be the judiciary, legislature or the executive are merely the servants of the people. The basic principle behind the contempt of court proceedings is that the use of this authority by the court must be only in circumstances where otherwise the functioning of the court is impossible or obstructed.
The contempt of court action must not be an attempt to protect the dignity of the court, but to promote the administration of justice. The dignity of the court is promoted by the court being humble enough to face criticism, whereas promotion of justice is to be carried out by removing all hindrances in the delivery of justice. By the unrestrained use of contempt of court actions the courts in
The honour of the judge and the judiciary - a state institution through which a judge is supposed to serve the people - is promoted and protected by the openness of the judge and the judiciary to face any criticism. Intolerance to scrutiny and lack of openness equates the judge and the judiciary with a dictator.
At this pace the Indian judiciary once known for its eloquence and its contribution to the advancement of free thought and expression will soon be reduced to an egotistical institution. Such a judiciary is definitely not what modern
The imperatives for the judiciary in
Crimes Chief Justice of Supreme Court Of India , Union Home Secretary & Director-General of Police for Karnataka - RTI Act violations , constitutional rights & Human rights violations
The above stated public servants have failed to provide full information to us ie HRW as per RTI Act , thereby covering up the criminals. The requested informations were no state secrets , no defense secrets but the accountability of above stated public offices. The information was requested for public welfare , to secure equitable justice to public , to stop corrupt practices in public service , in exercise of my FUNDAMENTAL DUTY as a citizen of
The public servants & the government must be role models in law abiding acts , for others to emulate & follow. if a student makes a mistake it is excusable & can be corrected by the teacher. if the teacher himself makes a mistake , all his students will do the same mistake. if a thief steals , he can be caught , legally punished & reformed . if a police himself commits crime , many thieves go scot-free under his patronage. even if a police , public servant commits a crime , he can be legally prosecuted & justice can be sought by the aggrieved.
just think , if a judge himself that too apex court of the land itself commits crime - violations of RTI Act , constitutional rights & human rights of public and obstructs the public from performing their constitutional fundamental duties , what happens ?
it gives a booster dose to the rich & mighty , those in power , criminals in public service to commit more crimes. that is exactly what is happening in
FAILURE OF INDIAN LEGAL SYSTEM
SALUTES TO KARGIL MARTYRS , NSG COMMANDOS & MUMBAI POLICE
We express our deep condolences to the victims of
At this juncture , we must also remember our kargil martyrs of Indian military who sacrificed their lives protecting our motherland –
The corrupt public servants network , is oiled far better than
If a corrupt public servant is apprehended , it is equal to depriving 100 terrorists out of funds , putting 100 criminals out of action. Will the common man raise to give a befitting lesson to corrupt public servants.
TORTURE CHAMBERS OF
At the outset , e - Voice salutes the few honest police personnel who are silently doing their duties inspite of pressures , harassment by political bosses & corrupt superiors , inspite of frequent transfers , promotion holdups , etc. overcoming the lure of bribe ,those few are silently doing their duties without any publicity or fanfare. We salute them & pay our respects to them and hereby appeal to those few honest to catch their corrupt colleagues.
The police are trained , to crack open the cases of crimes by just holding onto a thread of clue. Based on that clue they investigate like "Sherlock holmes" and apprehend the real criminals. nowadays , when police are under various pressures , stresses - they are frequently using 3rd degree torture methods on innocents. Mainly there are 3 reasons for this :
1) when the investigating officer (I.O) lacks the brains of Sherlock holmes , to cover-up his own inefficiency he uses 3rd degree torture on innocents.
2) When the I.O is biased towards rich , powerful crooks , to frame innocents & to extract false confessions from them , 3rd degree torture is used on innocents.
3) When the I.O is properly doing the investigations , but the higher-ups need very quick results - under work stress I.O uses 3rd degree torture on innocents.
Nowhere in statuette books , police are legally authorized to punish let alone torture the detainees / arrested / accussed / suspects. Only the judiciary has the right to punish the guilty not the police. Even the judiciary doesn't have the right to punish the accussed / suspects , then how come police are using 3rd degree torture unabetted.
Even during encounters , police only have the legal right , authority to immobilize the opponents so as to arrest them but not to kill them.
There is a reasoning among some sections of society & police that use of 3RD DEGREE TORTURE by police is a detterent of crimes. It is false & biased. Take for instance there are numerous scams involving 100's of crores of public money - like stock scam , fodder scam , etc involving rich businessmen , VVIP crooks. Why don't police use 3rd degree torture against such rich crooks and recover crores of public money where as the police use 3rd degree torture against a pick-pocketer to recover hundred rupees stolen ? double standards by police.
In media we have seen numerous cases of corrupt police officials in league with criminals. For the sake of bribe , such police officials bury cases , destroy evidences , go slow , frame innocents , murder innocents in the name of encounter , etc. why don't police use 3rd degree torture against their corrupt colleagues who are aiding criminals , anti nationals ? double standards by police.
All the bravery of police is shown before poor , innocents , tribals , dalits , before them police give the pose of heroes. Whereas , before rich , VVIP crooks , they are zeroes. They are simply like scarecrows before rich crooks.
Torture in any form by anybody is inhuman & illegal. For the purpose of investigations police have scientific investigative tools like polygraph, brain mapping , lie detector , etc. these scientific tools must be used against rich crooks & petty criminals without bias.
Hereby we urge the GOI & all state governments :
1) to book cases of murder against police personnel who use 3rd degree torture on detainees and kill detainees in the name of encounter killings.
2) To dismiss such inhuman , cruel personnel from police service and to forfeit all monetary benefits due to them like gratuity , pension , etc.
3) To pay such forfeited amount together with matching government contribution as compensation to family of the victim's of 3rd degree torture & encounter killings.
4) To review , all cases where false confessions were extracted from innocents by 3rd degree torture.
5) To make liable the executive magistrate of the area , in whose jurisdiction torture is perpetrated by police on innocents.
6) To make it incumbent on all judicial magistrates ,to provide a torture free climate to all parties , witnesses in cases before his court.
7) To make public the amount & source of ransom money paid to forest brigand veerappan to secure the release of matinee idol mr. raj kumar.
8) To make public justice A.J.Sadashiva's report on "torture of tribals , human rights violations by Karnataka police in M.M.HILLS , KARNATAKA".
9) To make it mandatory for police to use scientific tools of investigations like brain mapping , polygraph , etc without bias against suspects rich or poor.
10) To include human rights education in preliminary & refresher training of police personnel.
11) To recruit persons on merit to police force who have aptitude & knack for investigations.
12) To insulate police from interference from politicians & superiors.
13) To make police force answerable to a neutral apex body instead of political bosses. Such body must be empowered to deal with all service matters of police.
14) The political bosses & the society must treat police in a humane manner and must know that they too have practical limitations. Then on a reciprocal basis , police will also treat others humanely.
15) The police must be relieved fully from the sentry duties of biggies & must be put on detective , investigative works.
Nowadays , we are seeing reports of corruption by police & judges in the media and are also seeing reports of raids by vigilance authorities seizing crores of wealth from such corrupt police. Some Judges have also amassed crores of wealth. Who gives them money ? it is rich criminals , anti-nationals . By taking bribe & hiding the crimes of criminals , the corrupt police & judges are themselves becoming active parties in the crimes , anti-national activities.
Those shameless , corrupt police & judges are nothing but traitors & anti – nationals themselves. When an innocent is subjected to 3rd degree torture to extract truth with justification by investigating agencies that all for the sake of national security , what degree of torture these corrupt , anti-national police & judges qualify for ? what type of aeroplane or helicopter the corrupt police / judges must ride ? ofcourse , for protection of national security. Here also police & judges have double standards , what a shame.
We at e – voice are for "Rule of Law" & abhor all type of violence. Truly these police & judges are not building a Ram Rajya of our Mahatma Gandhi's dream.
AN APPEAL TO THE HONOURABLE CHIEF JUSTICE OF SUPREME COURT OF
CHIEF JUSTICE OF INDIA & CHIEF JUSTICE OF
- By American Citizens
Our country was known as " Heaven On Earth" , "Land of Equality & Equal Oppurtunity" & the "Statue of Liberty" rightly symbolized the spirit of our country. Now
In the last 3 – 4 decades , the persons who occupied the office of President USA ,in their individual capacity took wrong , inhuman decisions , meddled in the internal affairs of other sovereign nations , spent our resources to create terrorist outfits like al- queda , Taliban in those countries.
In turn these terrorist outfits terrorized , murdered millions of innocents & this Frankenstein monster came home to roost on September 9 / 11 . After September 9 / 11 , each terror suspect is severely tortured in hell like Abu Garibh prison , elsewhere by our authorities. For argument sake let us accept that these terrorists who murder innocents don't deserve kid glove treatment & rightly deserve 3rd degree torture. When a single terrorist deserve such inhuman 3rd degree torture , what quantum of punishment , torture – previous presidents of USA deserve – who created , aided & abetted thousands of such terrorists , terrorist outfits ?
Herby, we appeal to the honourable Supreme Court of USA to order the federal government to to make public :
1. how much US resources were spent from US TREASURY , to finance terrorist outfits , military juntas in other sovereign nations ?
2. is not Al-queda , Taliban creations of
3. did September 9 / 11 WTC attack truly happened by hijacked airplane or was it planned by US authorities ? see http://www.neiu.edu/~ayjamess/hmmm.htm#Main
4 . is racial profiling , profiling a particular community & suspecting all the muslims as terror suspects , right?
5. if it is right , the cretors of such terrorist outfits – past presidents of
6. is not use of 3rd degree torture on all type of suspects in US prisons & in the prisons of US allied countries at the behest of US authorities , right ? is it not violation of human rights & US laws ?
7. did US find any weapons of mass destruction in
8. why not US authorities use scientific interrogation techniques like polygraph , lie detector tests instead of inhuman 3rd degree torture on terror suspects & suspects in other criminal cases ?
9 . what legal right our President of USA have , to illegally spend billions of our dollars on inhuman , llegal acts of terrorism , military coup , creation , aiding & abetting of terrorists , etc , in other sovereign nations ? while we are suffering from loss of jobs ,loss of home due to natural calamities , etc ?
Crux , Foundation of all religions is humanity , kindness & universal brotherhood. It is the preachers who misrepresent it. Terrorism created , aided , abetted by anybody is inhuman & wrong . Terrorism is creation of power hungry , selfish people & they must be legally punished .
Hereby , we appeal to the honourable court to legally prosecute Previous PRESIDENTS OF USA in the last 4 decades , for crimes of terror , as per the present
Recently , in the issue of last week "The Week" , cabinet minister of government of srilanka (previously a deadly terrorist & right hand man of LTTE chief Prabhakaran ) Mr. Karuna , Himself has stated in an interview that LTTE received arms training in Tamilnadu State of India , to wage war against Government of Srilanka. The Justice Jain Commission Of Enquiry , which probed late PM Rajiv Gandhi's assassination case , also stated that Tamil Terrorist outfits in Srilanka Received monetary , financial , arms training support from government of India. GOI has even setup a radio station for tamil terrorists of srilanka , within
Recently in the last week , in a media interview the president of Government of Pakistan Mr. Jardari himself has confessed that in the previous years the government of Pakistan has aided & abetted Terrorism for tactical gains of Pakistan , spending billions of dollars of Pakistani taxpayer's money. While ordinary ordinary Pakistanis were suffering from starvation , lack of health care , etc.
All the above proves that Previous Presidents of Government of USA , previous Presidents of Government of Pakistan & Previous Prime Ministers of Government of India were the real master minds of TERRORISM , founded , aided , abetted TERRORISM FOR THEIR OWN SELFISH GAINS. In turn murdering lakhs of innocent human beings. These guilty previous presidents & prime ministers are deadly than OSAMA BIN LADEN.
Hereby , we appeal to the supreme courts of
CRIMINALS IN POLICE UNIFORM
The ABC of police force in
officials get better food from outside , mobile phones , drugs , drinks , cigareetes , etc. they get spacious cells & get best private medical care . where as the poor inmates are even denied food , health care , living space as per the provisions of law. The corrupt jail officials instigate rowdy elements in the jails to assault poor inmates & to toe their line. More corrupt the police more wealthier he is. Even CBI officials are no different. The only beacon of hope is still there are few honest people left in the police force.
Hereby , e-voice urges you to make public the following information in the interest of justice.
1.how many CBI officials & Karnataka state police officials are facing charges of corruption , 3rd degree torture , lock-up/encounter deaths , rapes , fake cases , etc ?
2.how you are monitoring the ever increasing wealth of corrupt police officials?
3.how many officials from the ranks of constable to DGP have amassed illegal wealth?
4.what action you have taken in these cases ? have you got reinvestigated all the cases handled by tainted police?
5.how many policemen have been awarded death penalty & hanged till death , for cold blooded murders in the form of lock-up deaths / encounter deaths ?
6.why DGP of Karnataka is not registering my complaint dt
7.e - voice is ready to bring to book corrupt police officials subject to conditions, are you ready ?
8.how many police personnel are charged with violations of people's human rights & fundamental rights ?
9.how many STF police deployed to nab veerappan were themselves charged with theft of forest wealth?
10.how you are ensuring the safety , health , food , living space of inmates in jails?
11.how you are ensuring the medical care , health of prisoners in hospitals & mental asylums?
12.How you are ensuring the safety , health , food , living space of inmates in juvenile homes ?
DOUBLE STANDARDS OF INDIAN JUDICIARY & POLICE
Now , take for instance , public servants of the rank of supreme court chief justice & President of india are hiding information relating to crime , covering-up crimes , violating commoner's human rights , fundamental rights , obstructing citizen from performing their Constitutionally prescribed Fundamental Duties as Citizens of India , no action by police , they are not even registering the complaint.
Whereas , if a commoner cover-ups a crime or evidence , he also becomes a criminal , if a commoner violates the fundamental / human right of a rich person , if a commoner obstructs a public servant from performing his public duties , all those become crimes & he is legally booked for each counts. Why not police registering complaint against the above stated public servants for above crimes. IS IT NOT DOUBLE STANDARD.
POLICE COMPLAINT AGAINST PUBLIC SERVANTS
LIG-2 / 761, HUDCO FIRST STAGE,
Honourable DG & IG of Police ,
State Police H.Q ,
Honourable Circle Inspector of Police,
Vijayanagar Police Station,
Subject : Violation of FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS & HUMAN RIGHTS by Honourable Chief Jusice of India & H.E.Honourable President of
Next step , the prosecutor & defense advocate strikes a deal , manipulates evidences , manipulates way of presentation of case & way of argument favouring the rich crooks for a price , as observed in high profile BMW case involving public prosecutor IU KHAN & defense counsel RK ANAND. In this way , if corrupt police & advocates , together manipulate the due process of law , the presiding judge is left high & dry eventhough the judge is honest, he is left helpless. to add to this , when the judge himself is corrupt , people's last hope , democracy is dead. Nowadays we are hearing too many reports of irregularities in judiciary.
our publication has filed many appeals as PUBLIC INTEREST LITIGATION before hon'ble supreme court of India but the vested interests there are not accepting it as PILs. WHAT DOES PUBLIC INTEREST LITIGATION MEANS ? ISSUES WHICH ARE OF PUBLIC CONCERN AFFECTING MANY NUMBER OF PUBLICS.
The issues raised by us for sample :
1. sale of fake medicines & adulterated food products , beverages , colas affecting the health of millions of Indians & public of importing nations who are importing the same dangerous products from india .
2. demolition , eviction of houses , lands belonging to poor dalits , tribals , backward castes by government authorities whereas regularising illegal land encroachments , illegal buildings by high & mighty people in total disregard to law. in some cases government has even made contempt of court , by defying court orders & enacting special laws all to favour rich land grabbers.
3. take the cases corporate frauds, violation of labour laws , pollution board laws , tax laws , etc by companies.
4. The reports in media about certain highly placed public servants leaking india's defense secrets to foreign countries & some politicians , film stars attending parties hosted by anti nationals DAWOOD IBRAHIM & underworld dons in gulf countries & elsewhere. these type of appeals are for public good , national security , as public are affected by them. still supreme court of
our repeated PIL Appeals.the courts have the authority to consider even a post card , e-mail as a PIL Appeal , the courts even have the right to initiate suo-motto action for public good , inspite of absence of any appeals / complaints. over & above this at the time of my very first appeal my income was very low & i was a retrenched factory employee who was eligible for free legal aid, even free legal aid was not given to me. Now , even to my repeated RTI Appeals the Honourable chief justice of India & H.E.Honourable President of
CROSS EXAM OF HONOURABLE CHIEF JUSTICE OF
CROSS EXAM OF UNION HOME SECRETARY , GOI ,
CROSS EXAM OF DG&IG OF POLICE , GOK ,
CROSS EXAM OF GOVERNOR , RESERVE BANK OF
http://theftinrbi.blogspot.com/ , http://theftinrbi.rediffblogs.com/
CROSS EXAM OF MUDA COMMISSIONER , MUDA ,
http://crimesofmuda.blogspot.com/ , http://manivannanmuda.blogspot.com/
, http://crimesatmudamysore.wordpress.com/ ,
CROSS EXAM OF BDA COMMISSIONER , BDA ,
http://crimesofbda.blogspot.com/ , http://bdacrimes.wordpress.com/ ,
CORPORATE CRIMES RPG CABLES LIMITED
MEGA FRAUD BY GOVERNMENT OF
are you ready to catch tax thieves ?
MOBILE PHONES , CURRENCY SCANDALS
reliance industry where is accountability ?
crimes at infosys campus
crimes by B.D.A against a poor woman
crimes of land mafia in
currency thefts in RBI Press
killer colas & killer medicines of
We do have highest respect for all constitutional bodies , public servants , but it is an appeal to the honest few in public service ,to bring to book their corrupt colleagues.The Honourable Chief Justice of India & H.E.Honourable President of India have violated their oaths of office , failed in their constitutional duties , suppressed material truths / informations & thereby repeatedly violated my Constitutionally guaranteed FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS & BASIC HUMAN RIGHTS & Obstructing me from performing constitutionally prescribed FUNDAMENTAL DUTIES AS A CITIZEN OF INDIA.
Hereby , i do request you to legally prosecute the below mentioned public servants viz
1. H.E.Honourable President of
2. Honourable Chief Justice Of
3. Union Home Secretary , GOI
4. Governor , Reserve Bank Of
5. Director-General & Inspector General Of Police , government of karnataka
6. Commissioner ,
7. Commissioner ,
8. Commissioner , Mysore City Corporation
9. Labour Commissioner , government of karnataka and
10. all public servants belonging to tax dept , pollution control board , etc mentioned in the above cases with web links.
on the above mentioned charges. the whole issue of this news paper & the related materials at the weblinks provided, forms part of this complaint. If i am repeatedly called to police station or else where for the sake of investigations , the losses i do incurr as a result like loss of wages , transportation , job , etc must be borne by the government. prevoiusly the police / IB personnel repeatedly called me the complainant (sufferer of injustices) to police station for questioning , but never called the guilty culprits even once to police station for questioning , as the culprits are high & mighty . this type of one sided questioning must not be done by police or investigating agencies . if anything untoward happens to me or to my family members like loss of job , meeting with hit & run accidents , loss of lives , etc , the jurisdictional police together with above mentioned accussed public servants will be responsible for it. Even if criminal nexus levels fake charges , police file fake cases against me or my dependents to silence me , this complaint is & will be effective.
if anything untoward happens to me or my dependents , the governmentof
Jai Hind , Vande Mataram.
Date : 04.07.09 your's sincerely,
CAN JUDGEMENT BE MANIPULATED IN INDIAN COURTS OF JUSTICE ? - WHY NOT PRISON SENTENCE FOR GUILTY SUPREME COURT ADVOCATES ?
New Delhi, August 21 The Delhi High Court imposed a four-month ban on senior advocate R K Anand and colleague I U Khan on Thursday for interfering with judicial proceedings in the high-profile BMW hit-and- run case. A fine of Rs 2,000 was levied as well.
A High Court Bench comprising Justices Madan B Lokur and Manmohan Sarin found the two guilty of criminal contempt.
"The entire material leaves a bitter taste in the mouth about the goings-on in the BMW case. There is no manner of doubt whatsoever that there was complicity between Mr Khan and Mr Anand... There can be absolutely no doubt that Mr Khan and Mr Anand were, somehow or the other, more than mixed up in the BMW case," observed the court, which had taken suo motu cognizance of the expose the day after it was aired.
"Mr Anand and Mr Khan are prohibited from appearing in this court (Delhi High Court) or courts subordinate to it for four months from today. However, they are free to discharge their professional duties in terms of consultation, advice, conferences, opinions, etc," said the Bench.
The court desisted from commenting on the conduct of Kulkarni, saying it would not be "proper" to do so. Though the verdict comes solely on basis of the CDs and transcripts of the sting operation, the Bench said, "the unshakeable truth is that Mr Anand is guilty of criminal contempt of court". Contemplating a fit punishment, the Bench wondered how many in the legal fraternity had had been taken by surprise to find Anand indulging in such "sharp practices". "Mr Anand has held many prestigious elective positions in the legal fraternity, including the Bar Council of Delhi. He has also been a Member of the Rajya Sabha," noted the Bench.
The court said it knew Khan for his legal acumen and forensic skills — "perhaps the reason why he was appointed Special Public Prosecutor in the BMW case". High expectations over Khan fell apart when his conduct "betrayed the trust that prosecution reposed in him... what he did was perhaps beyond the realm of contemplation of the prosecuting agency".
Chastising the two for their misconduct, the Bench said: "We are not dealing with a young lawyer who, driven by ambition and desire... transgresses the limits or unwittingly or unknowingly commits criminal contempt. We are dealing with senior advocates, who are expected to conduct themselves as gentlemen and role models for younger members of the Bar."
The court forwarded a recommendation that the two be "stripped of their designations as senior advocates". The High Court Registrar General will put up the court's recommendation before Chief Justice AP Shah within a month.
In response to the verdict, the Delhi Bar Association president, advocate Rajiv Khosla, said about 20,000 lawyers from district courts were going on strike on August 22 in protest.
R K Anand
Began legal career in
* In 1980, represented the late Indira Gandhi in a property litigation filed by Maneka Gandhi after Sanjay Gandhi's death
* Narasimha Rao in the JMM bribery and the St Kitts case
* Chandraswami in the FERA violation case
* H K L Bhagat in the 1984 anti-Sikh riots case
* Former external affairs minister Natwar Singh's son Jagat Singh in the murder/suicide of his wife Natasha Singh
I U Khan
One of the top five criminal lawyers in Capital. He was charging a fee of only Re 1 in the BMW case. Began his career in late 1960s, and came into spotlight in 1980s.
* Defended Sushil Sharma in the tandoor murder case, Subash Gupta in the Personal Point triple murder, former Youth Congress President Romesh Sharma in several cases and Tony Gill in Jessica Lall murdercase
When prosecution & defence lawyer together team up along with corrupt police / public servants and manipulate evidences / records , the court is helpless and will acquit the accussed for lack of evidences eventhough the presiding judge is of impeccable integrity , honesty , he is help less. Add to this , if the presiding judge happens to be corrupt & teams up with the criminal nexus , the result is devastating , the rich criminal will get away & the innocent will suffer punishment in some cases even death sentence. Who will bell these few corrupt among the judiciary , bar , police & public service ? why not prison sentence for two leading advocates on criminal charges of contempt of court , destruction of evidences ? are they above law ? why favouritism by court to the guilty in awarding punishment to guilty two advocates as they happen to be political influential ? will the court let a common man so leniently for the same charges ? In the past cases dealt by these corrupt duo advocates , there are possibilities that the same tactics of manipulation of evidences , prosecution is done to win the cases , to free the rich criminals , why not review of the cases dealt by these corrupt advocates ? The honest few among judiciary , bar , police & public service must uphold our constitution , rule of law & bring to book their corrupt colleagues.
CASH FOR JUDGEMENT
"Let any agency prove that I talked to Sanjeev Bansal on phone either on that day or any day in the past one month," Justice Yadav said. "I am ready to face all consequences if this allegation is found true. I have had no dealings with Bansal. I have not received any money from Bansal or any of his associates. I am sure I will get justice." Justice Yadav said she had explained her position to High Court Chief Justice T S Thakur and had "proceeded on leave." She said she would not hear any case until her name is cleared.
Sources close to her said that during her meeting with Justice Thakur yesterday evening, in which some other senior judges were also present, Justice Yadav offered to proceed on leave to "maintain the highest traditions of Indian judiciary." Justice Thakur told The Indian Express that he had not asked Justice Yadav to proceed on leave and that it was her own decision. It is learnt that in her meeting with Justice Thakur, Yadav vehemently denied any role in the entire role. While acknowledging that she and some other members of her family had bought a plot of 11.1 bighas of land (see accompanying story) at village Rihun Pargana near Kumharhatti in Solan district of Himachal Pradesh on August 14, Yadav is learnt to have denied that the money for purchasing the land came from Bansal or Ravinder Singh, the Delhi businessman, who is also named in the case.
"Can't a judge buy legal property? Let the police or any other investigating agency prove that the money for the deal was provided by Bansal or Singh," she is learnt to have told the Chief Justice. But she is learnt to have acknowledged, in her meeting with the Chief Justcie, that she knew Ravinder Singh. She is learnt to have said that she came to know him through some other judges.
Meanwhile, highly placed sources in the High Court confirmed that Chief Justice Thakur is awaiting the return of Chief Justice of India KG Balakrishnan from
The Rs 15-lakh delivery: Story So Far
•August 13: Parkash Ram, an assistant to Haryana's Additional Advocate General Sanjeev Bansal, delivers a parcel containing Rs 15 lakh at the residence of Justice Nirmaljit Kaur of the
•Rajeev Gupta, Bansal's friend and a property dealer, tells the police that the money reached there by mistake and it was meant for Nirmal Singh, another property dealer. Chandigarh Police decline to hand over the cash. Bansal is questioned
•August 16: A case is registered against Bansal, Parkash Ram and
•Bansal resigns as Addl AG and surrenders on August 19
•August 21: Rajeev Gupta, the property dealer who claimed the money was meant for Nirmal Singh, is arrested. The Inspector General of Police sends a report to the Chief Justice of
•August 22: Justice Nirmal Yadav proceeds on leave
Caught in controversy is Solan plot that judge, 16 others purchased
This purchase is said to have figured in the meeting between Justice Yadav and the High Court Chief Justice yesterday. Justice Yadav is said to have told the Chief Justice: "Can't a judge buy legal property? Let the police or any other investigating agency prove that the money for the deal was provided by (Sanjeev) Bansal or Ravinder Singh." The purchasers and sellers obtained permission from the Himachal Pradesh Government under Section 118 of the Himachal Pradesh Tenancy Act. Solan Naib Tehsildar N S Chauhan has confirmed on record that that the deal had been registered as per the details we have. The land was sold by residents of village including Baldev; Narinder Kumar; Surinder Kumar; Rajinder Kumar; Bimla Devi and Amar Singh. The sellers have given a General Power of Attorney to Surinder Kumar (one of the partners among the sellers), who executed a sale agreement in favour of the buyers.
Those named as purchasers (partners) in the land deal include Suruchi, a resident of House no. 3, Sector 14, Gurgaon; Trisha Chaudhary; Ram Niwas; Rajender Yadav; Chiranjeev; Latika; Deepak; Sunita; Vivek; Capt. NT Puri; Devinder Singh; Shakuntla; Kuldip Singh Yadav; Ajay Yadav; Sushank Puri; Mohit (all residents of house no. 1111, Sector 11, Panchkula) and Punjab and Haryana High Court Justice Nirmal Yadav.
Three booked in judge bribery case
Haryana Addl Advocate General among booked
Earlier, Singh had claimed the amount was pertaining to a property deal he had struck with a resident of Panchkula. The money was supposed to be delivered to one Nirmal Singh and was mistakenly delivered at the judge's house. Verma, however, said the preliminary investigation had ruled out the possibility of the amount being related to any property deal. "Bansal failed to give a detailed account of the cash. He produced some papers pertaining to some property in Panchkula but that did not carry any weight. Our investigations caught him on the wrong foot and, therefore, we booked him along with two others under the Prevention of Corruption Act and criminal conspiracy," he added. Bansal has been handling several high-profile cases. He is one of the dozen-odd Additional Advocate Generals appointed by the Haryana Government about two years ago.
Corrupt judge in Allahabad High Court by Rajeev
If the Judges go corrupt, then it is GOD who will give one justice when one go to heaven or hell. It is a Irony that I filed a complaint against a District and Session Judge who later promoted to High Court of Allahabad. I wish the God will serve HIS justice to Hon'ble Justice Umeshware Pandey, now enjoying at High Court and selling (Mis)Justice at Rs 100000 per page!! Here I am elaborating what had happened. In 1994, two people name Parashram Agarwal and Mohan Lal Agarwal wanted to grab my father's property and in March 1994 they beat him and pulled his legs( just imagine the pain) making him handicapped for life. Then in court those guys were merely sentenced for 6 months in Jail, but they did not went for the jail for single day or hour and appealed to Sessions Court and then the corrupt Judge Umeshwar Pandey took the bribe of Rs 200000 in Criminal Revision number 13/2000 from Parashram Agarwal and Mohan Lal.
It is a shame on Umeshwar Pandey that he cannot see a Handicapped man suffering for last 9 years and even then not given the justice. Umeshwar Pandey has taken this bribe via his Steno name some G. D. Gupta. It is the habit of Parashram and MohanLal to record the conversation while giving bribes on hidden audio recorder and the same cassette can be recovered if the authority try. It is been 8 months since I have informed various authorities by registered letters and phone calls from USA for no action till date.
I have spoken to Mr Jagmohan Paliwal who was posted as Vigilance Officer for no action till date and the recording attached is from Sept 2002. Similarly I have spoken with Mr. K. S. Rakhra who was posted as Registrar General but no action till date, and the recoding shown is from Sept 2002 too. Even CBI has forwarded my letter to Registrar General, but no action is taken on that one too.
I have emaild my plea to few High court Judges too for no response. I just hope GOD is there who will give some justice. But the corrupt Judges should stop imitating as GOD they are devil actually. The only solution can be people make a limit. How much money a person needs. I often think about a story that a saint refused to take the food as he already got the food for today and he do not want to collect for tomorrow. But I don't know why people want to generate money for 7 generations. If a careful analysis and investigation is done Umeshwar Pamdey has Black money worth 3 generations. I guess instead of Lakhs and Carore now corruption should be measured in generations.
Education is important. People need to understand the meaning of freedom truly. IF I say boldly
HC suspends judge over corruption complaints
AHMEDABAD: The Gujarat High Court has suspended a fast track court judge in Rajpipla after receiving several complaints of corruption and favouritism against her. Rajpipla fast track court Judge DL Desai was suspended on Thursday evening after a primary inquiry held by the court's vigilance department said that the complaints against her had substance. Further inquiry against her will be conducted by the department. Besides the complaint of favouritism in Rajpipla, where she was presently posted, the Desai was also accused of similar charges and issuing certificates without proper verification in Bharuch, where the she was discharging her duty as a principal district judge, the High Court authorities said.
The HC administration seems to be seriously taking the issue of corruption prevailing in
At present there are no travel guidelines for the judiciary and the Bar Council of India is suggesting a course correction. "I think the judges must pay or should pay the amount to the government," Bar Council of India Chairman SNP Sinha said in
Under the RTI, CNN-IBN found that for Chief Justice KG Balakrishnan's 11-day trip to
Former chief justice YK Sabharwal attended three conferences in 2005 to
RTI activist Arvind Kejriwal said: "It only underscores why the RTI needs to be applied to judges and judiciary." Just like Caesar's wife should be above suspicion, RTI activists are demanding that SC judges too should be seen to be accountable.
Failure of RTI Act in
- In the clutches of corrupt public servants mafia
In the courts of law , every statement to be valid must be supported by evidences. That too, the statements of public servants / government officials & their reports in government records are considered as sacrosanct , the ultimate gospel truth by courts of law. The corruption has spread it's tentacles far & wide in the public service. The bribe booty is shared by lower to higher officials. If an official is complained against , his higher official conducts a formal investigation & reports in the record that lower official is not guilty.
The vigilance authorities / Karnataka lokayukta has recently raided on police , tax officials & seized illegal wealth amounting to crores of rupees. Take the recent case where in senior IPS officer , superintendent of police chamarajanagar , mr.srikantappa was arrested by Karnataka lokayukta. The victims spoke to media that he used to threaten them with false cases. In this way , how many victims / innocents were arrested & tortured by his arrest warrants ? how many innocents suffered in false cases ? how many rich criminals got scot free , by srikantappa's filing of B reports leading to closure of cases ? In the past how many suffered by srikantappa's actions ? has the court subjected to review all the previous actions of srikantappa throught his corrupt career ? if not , why ?
The courts of law has taken the official reports , records of mr.srikantappa as gospel truth & indirectly aided rich criminals & harmed innocents. It is the same case with respect to reports of all government officials – police , labour , tax , etc. the rich criminals buy out government officials & make them write favourable report about themselves. Whereas the poor , innocents suffer from adverse reports & injustices. The courts of law takes the government records at it's face value & meat out injustices to the poor , innocents while aiding the rich criminals.
When a commoner requests for information as per RTI Act , the government officials either give incomplete information , false information or decline to give information under one pretext or the other. The officials are damn sure that the truthful information will be detrimental to themselves & will be taken as evidence against themselves in the courts of law. So information , truth is not given.
Even information commissions are failing here. Thereby, the public are denied to seek justice in the courts of law , by lack of evidences. The courts of law before accepting the records of government officials , must subject it to a "test of truth". When a government report is contested against , a fact finding team comprising members of public , complainant , respondent & the court , must check it out at the ground level. Orelse when a complainant says that the report of a government official – police , labour , tax , etc as false that government official must be subjected to lie detector test , narco- analysis, ertc by court of law. The questionnaire ie the questions to be asked during the scientific test are to be prepared with feedback from both complainant & respondent's side. In that way , impartially truth can be found out. After all , the objective of courts of law is "Quest for Truth", not just giving out judgements based on reports of corrupt officials.
Nowadays , we are even seeing reports of corruption among the judiciary itself. If a complaint against a judge is made out that a level ground is not provided to put up one's case in the court or cross examination of one party is not allowed or lie detector test / narco analysis of one party is not allowed ( in turn taking the lies of that party as truth ), the judge making a varied interpretation of law, the judge not safe guarding the health & life of the complainant in the custody of police leading to 3rd degree torture of complainant by police , etc, in all such cases the supreme court of India must change the presiding judge of such cases , the cases must be thoroughly reviewed & the guilty judge must be subjected to narco- analysis , lie detector test , etc & legally prosecuted. In this back drop , accountability of police & judges to the public ie citizens of
We at e – voice of human rights of watch have utmost respect for the judiciary & all government institutions. It is the corrupt few in those institutions who are themselves bringing disgrace to the august institutions they occupy , by their corrupt deeds. The saving grace is that still honest few are left in public service & it is an appeal to them , to legally prosecute their corrupt colleagues.
Is it not right & just in such cases , to subject the presiding judge , police , concerned government officialds & most importantly key officials of that criminal private enterprise to lie detector , narco- analysis tests , to know the truth ? is it not right to conduct the inspection of alleged site , review of all company's records , by a team comprising of members from public , court , complainant & respondent ?
Some of these criminal enterprises threaten to finish off the poor victims . as these company's have money power they can buy out rowdies , police & capable of doing anything. In such cases , if anything untoward happens to the victim or his family , are not the officials of such criminal enterprise liable to pay compensation to the victims's family or survivors ?
In India , do we truly have democracy & freedom ? is this corrupt
JUDGES IN PROVIDENT FUND SCAM ?
To keep the proceedings off the media glare, the bench decided to take up the matter in chamber on July 14, when Vahanvati and other senior advocates would make good their assistance to look for a way out of the problematic situation. The petition said one Ashutosh Asthana, the
THE FALL OF THE ANGEL-CORRUPT INDIAN JUDICIARY
the four main pillars of democratic setup in
now, the criminalisation of politics has taken place almost completely in
now, the one & only remaining pillar of democracy in
it is only due to the pioneering efforts of media these scandals have come to light .the judiciary has hidden those scandals in a hush hush manner from the public eye. recently it was reported in " deccan herald " that a district judge of u.p. was acting as a pimp since years & supplying mod girls to politicians. in another report it was stated that a district judge of tamilnadu demanded sexual favours from a woman to give favourable judgement in a case when she refused to do his bidding he allegdely tried to rape her. quite recently, there was a news report about immoral acts of certain high ranking judges in a resort near
CHAIRMAN OF NATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS COMMISSION , THE CENTRAL VIGILANCE COMMISSIONER kept mum, didn't do their constitutional duties inspite of my repeated requests . thereby, they have violated my human rights & fundamental rights & have been obstructed from performing my constitutionally provided FUNDAMENTAL DUTIES.
The courts of justice needs evidences to act upon , the public servants don't give records / reports which in turn becomes evidences , the public servants by taking bribe makes falsed biased interpretation of law , give favourable reports to rich & mighty ( but false reports ). The courts in turn depending on those false reports acquits rich & mighty , whereas the poor suffers injustices for being unable to produce evidences. The courts have the power , authority for ordering participation of public , aggrieved parties in the investigation teams enforcing various laws ( thereby the corrupt acts of public servants can be checked ) , but courts don't excercise that authority. See how the nexus of corrupt public servants ï¿½ law enforcement agencies ï¿½ judiciary works in
PF SCAM SHAME SHAME CORRUPT JUDGES visit following websites ,
Office for Profit: A Stink You Should Smell
Former Supreme Court Chief Justice YK Sabharwal was involved in dubious judicial deal-making that earned his sons huge profits. So says a group of engaged and credible citizens led by former Law Minister Shanti Bhushan. And they have evidence to back their claims. Sanjay Dubey pieces together their case "The issue of sealing was difficult as on the one hand it was a question of law and on the other of the suffering among the people." This is how Justice YK Sabharwal, the former Chief Justice of India (CJI), described the demolition drive that had brought the nation's capital to a virtual standstill for weeks.
In an interaction with the media on the eve of his retirement in January, Sabharwal singled out the Supreme Court's action against
The anguish with which the former chief justice of
According to Shanti Bhushan, instead of excusing himself because of conflict of interest, Sabharwal remained the presiding officer of the sealing case from 2004 till he retired in January 2007. It all flared up on
There were reports of suicides and heart attacks as the government tried to cope with a precarious law and order situation in the capital; it had little choice but to implement the Supreme Court's (SC) orders. Everything was being done in the name of upholding the law — or so it seemed. It now transpires that even as
In November 2005, Justice Sabharwal became the cji and by February 16, 2006 when he passed the "most difficult" order of his life to seal the commercial establishments operating from residential areas, his sons were on track to enter the mall and commercial complexes business in a big way, having sewn up partnerships with two of the biggest commercial real estate developers in Delhi. The Sabharwals' commercial complex development business took off thereafter. On
Sources in the Noida Authority have confided that these three plots (A-3, 4 and 5 in Noida's Sector 125) were allotted to Pawan Impex on December 29, 2004 by the Mulayam Singh government then in power in UP at Rs 3,700/sq. metre, when the market price of commercial land here was at least Rs 30,000/sq. metre. Moreover, a commercial plot measuring 12,000 sq metres (plot 12A, in Sector 68) was allotted to another company owned by the Sabharwals, Sabs Exports, on
These are not the only plots allotted at throwaway prices to the Sabharwals. On November 6, 2000, Sabs Exports was allotted three plots (C103, 104 and 105) measuring 800 square metres each in Sector 63 at a rate of Rs 2,100/ square metre, when the market price was many times higher. TEHELKA has documents which show that a residential plot in Noida's upscale Sector 44 was allotted to Justice Sabharwal's daughter-in-law, Sheeba Sabharwal, in 2005. It is noteworthy that this plot was part of the Noida allotment SCam — wherein plots were allotted to sundry influential people and their relatives, when in fact they were supposed to have been allotted by a random draw of lots.
An embarrassed UP government cancelled the allotments. The SC for some reason immediately stayed the CBI probe into the allotments ordered by the Allahabad High Court. It is perhaps also significant that Justice Sabharwal himself stayed the publication of the so-called Amar Singh tapes, which were said to have phone conversations that showed Singh in poor light. "Thus, from owning smalltime export-import firms till 2004, the Sabharwals in just two years time got into the business of developing commercial complexes and appear to be rolling in money," the report by the Committee concludes.
All this happened when Justice Sabharwal was a senior judge and then the Chief Justice, dealing with the sealing cases and passing orders which stood to benefit his sons and their partners. The continuing good fortune of the Sabharwals can be gauged by their recent purchase of a property worth several crores. TEHELKA has a sale deed of a house in south
Several attempts by TEHELKA to contact Justice Sabharwal for his response to the charges went unanswered. The charges made by the committee underscore the need for a National Judicial Commission, an independent body with an investigative arm, which can look into complaints against judges. It only stands to reason that the guardians of the law come under the purview of the same laws they base their judgements on. Justice Sabharwal's Defence Gets Murkier Senior advocate Prashant Bhushan, part of the eminent panel that framed allegations against former Chief Justice of India YK Sabharwal, rebuts the retired judge's rejoinder point by point
Using the strategy of a clever and street-smart defence lawyer, Justice YK Sabharwal's defence of the serious charges levelled against him sidesteps the inconvenient and emphasises the irrelevant to evoke sympathy. To examine the adequacy of his defence, we need to see his defence against the gravamen of each charge against him.
CHARGE NO. 1 That his sons' companies had shifted their registered offices to his official residence.
SABHARWAL'S RESPONSE: That as soon as he came to know he ordered his sons' to shift them back.
OUR REJOINDER: This is false. In April 2007, in a recorded interview with the Mid-Day reporter MK Tayal he feigned total ignorance of the shifting of the offices to his official residence. In fact, the registered offices were shifted back from his official residence to his Punjabi Bagh residence exactly on the day that the Business Park Town Planners Ltd (BPTP) mall developers became his sons' partners, making it very risky to continue at his official
CHARGE NO. 2 That he called for and dealt with the sealing of commercial property case in March 2005, though it was not assigned to him. It is only the Chief Justice (CJ)who can assign pending cases to various judges. He was not the CJ at that time. Justice Sabharwal does not answer this charge.
CHARGE NO. 3 That he did this exactly around the time that his sons got into partnerships with mall and commercial complex developers, who stood to benefit from his sealing orders.
HIS RESPONSE: That they were his sons' friends. That Harpawan Constructors which was set up by his sons with the mall developer Purushottam Bagheria did not do any business. In fact the courts under him got Bagheria's 1 MG road mall demolished. That his sons are not developing shopping malls but only an IT park.
OUR REJOINDER: If so many mall and commercial complex developers were his sons' close friends, then he should not have dealt with the case anyway since that creates an immediate conflict of interest. Moreover, why should they go into partnership with these developers who stood to benefit from Justice Sabharwal's orders, and that too exactly at the time when he seizes control of the sealing of commercial property case and starts dealing with it. He says that the company set up by his sons in partnership with Bagheria has not done any business. If so, why was this new company set up for developing commercial complexes in partnership with this builder?
In an interview with Zee News, Justice Sabharwal claims credit for the judiciary under him ordering the demolition of the illegal 1 MG road mall owned by Bagheria. But then why do his sons enter into partnerships with such an illegal builder whose buildings have had to be demolished by the Judiciary? And immediately after this partnership with the Sabharwals, Bagheria went on to announce the construction of "Square 1 mall" in Saket as the most fashionable mall in
CHARGE NO. 4 That the Union Bank of India gave a loan of Rs 28 crore to his sons' company: Pawan Impex on a collateral of plant and machinery and other moveables at the site of their proposed IT park, which were non- existent.
HIS RESPONSE: That his sons' had a credit facility of Rs 75 crore.
OUR REJOINDER: If that were the case, what was the need for mortgaging non-existent assets for obtaining this loan? Moreover, the banks' senior manager is on record saying that the loan was given on the basis of projected sales to prospective customers.
CHARGE NO. 5 That because of the obvious conflict of interest, he could not have dealt with this case.
HIS RESPONSE: That his orders have never benefited his sons.
OUR REJOINDER: His orders of sealing lakhs of commercial properties clearly forced those establishments to buy or rent space in commercial complexes like those that his sons' company were constructing; and shopping malls etc that their friends and partners were constructing. There was a clear conflict of interest and his orders have clearly benefited his sons and their partners.
CHARGE NO. 6 That a large number of industrial and commercial plots were allotted in Noida by the UP government to his sons' companies, at prices far below the market price. In particular, several huge plots were allotted between December 2004 and November 2006 by the Mulayam Singh/Amar Singh government, while he was dealing with the Amar Singh tapes case, and had stayed the publication of those tapes on the behest of Amar Singh.
HIS RESPONSE: That some of the plots were allotted by earlier different governments. That the prices were not far below the market price. That the allotments were made in the normal course to his sons who were entrepreneurs and were providing employment to hundreds of people in Noida.
OUR REJOINDER: The allotments are definitely not in the normal course. How can three plots of one acre each be allotted to one company on the same date? In fact, these allotments are made at a time when the share capital of this company was just Rs 1 lakh and it had no track record of making any IT park or doing any business whatsoever. They have been allotted within days of the application with no procedure of draw of lots or any other system being followed, other than a bogus interview. The rate of Rs 3,700 per square metre was far below the market rate, and anybody including us would be happy to buy these plots at three times the allotment rate today. The huge plot of three acres, No. 12 A in Sector 68 (which appears to be carved out later for them) to Sabs Exports in November 2006 at a throwaway price of Rs 4,000 per square metre is also not in the normal course and was similarly made within days of application and a bogus interview, without any other system. Moreover, the allotment has been made at a time when he was dealing with the Amar Singh tapes case and had stayed the publication of the tapes. We would be happy to buy that plot too at three times the price at which it was given to them.
CHARGE NO. 7 That his sons have purchased a 1,150-square metre house in Maharani Bagh, New Delhi in March 2007 for a consideration of Rs 15.46 crore. The source of money for this is unexplained and in the sale deed they seek to conceal their relationship with Justice Sabharwal by writing his name as Yogesh Kumar and giving their factory address instead of the residential address.
HIS RESPONSE: That 90 percent of the money for the purchase of this house was from four banks; that his sons concealed his full name in the sale deed in order to avoid taking advantage of their association with him.
OUR REJOINDER: Banks do not normally advance loans of 90 percent of the value of a property on its security. Otherwise they would end up holding inadequate security if the property prices fall by even 15 percent. If they have done so in this case, it is either because of an undue favour as in the case of the loan of Rs 28 crore to Pawan Impex, or they valued the property higher than the declared purchase price. His explanation for concealing his name in the sale deed is hilarious and unbelievable since his sons did not hesitate to use his official residence as the registered office of their companies. Moreover, this was in a registered sale deed with a private party, where there was no occasion for taking any advantage by using his name. It is therefore clear that Justice Sabharwal is guilty of serious judicial misconduct and appears to be prima facie guilty of offences under the Prevention of Corruption Act which need to be investigated.
History of Corruption in Indian Judiciary since
1949: Mr. Justice Sinha only Judge impeached; courtesy Good Judges & Constitution Framers: Our Fore-Fathers represented by Constituent Assembly of India framers of Constitution of India then in 1949 (year before Consitution came into existence) impeached Mr. Justice Sinha; finding him "guilty of improper exercise of Judicial functions, the cumulative effect of which was to lower the dignity of his office and undermine the confidence of the public in the administration of
Such/ similar acts/ behaviours by whom-so-ever including Judges is
since 1971 is covered as an act of Criminal Contempt of Court [041.05
]. Not a single Judge is either Impeached or hauled-up for Contempt
Peoples' Inner Hope Courts to maintain their Majesty & Dignity will
prosecute 1000 Judges in context, who have tarnished & undermined the
Fair image of Judiciary.
Let Judges relish Jail for months if not years ; to asses personally
the convinences-N-comforts provided even to innocent citizens or
persons who were not having Rs. 100 to give as Bail. Then they will be
in better position to Transform Jails into Reformation Centres.
Jailing corrupt Judges by Judges , we hope will instill confidence of
people in Courts & law. Who-is-who of
get into any scam nor Criminals will think of becoming Legislators.
1979 : Chief Justice Mr. K. Veeraswami ; Chief Justice of
permitted Central Bureau of India to file case of Dis-proportionate of
Income / wealth against Chief Justice Madras High Court Mr. K.
Veeraswami ( father-in-law of Mr. Justice V. Ramaswami ). 30 years
elaped. Sheltered by Courts' easy-go-tactic. [049.04] [059.05 ]
1991-93: Mr. Justice V. Ramaswami ( son-in-law of Chief Justice Mr. K.
Veeraswami [049.04 ] ) : SAWANT COMMITTEE REPORT had held he is guilty
of several charges. Supreme Court of India also upheld guilty of 3-4
charges ; & recommended to Parliament for further action.
Parliamentarians failed in their Duty to Impeach the Sitting Judge of
Supreme Court Mr. Justice V. Ramaswami ; not rising to the Heights of
Eminent Constitution makers ; but chose to have unholy alliance with
Corruption in Judiciary vis-a-vis Legislature & Government.[008.00 ].
Supreme Court which upheld Charges of Mis-Behaviour also , we opine ,
failed to prosecute him under Contempt of Court Act & relevant Laws .
It also failed " To Do Complete Justice" by invoking Article142 .
Criminal Judge was allowed to go scot-free; both by Parliament &
Supreme Court !
Good precedent for other Judges ? If so What kind of message to
we-innocent-Citizens ? For almost complete proceedings in SC &
Parliament: [008.00 ]
1995 A.M. BHATTACHARJEE: The chief justice of the Bombay High
Court was forced to resign in 1995 after it was found that he had
received Rs.70 lakh as book advance from a publishing firm known to
have links with the underworld.
1996 AJIT SENGUPTA: The Calcutta High Court judge made it a
routine to issue ex parte, ad interim stay orders on anticipatory bail
pleas from smugglers having links with the Mumbai underworld. He was
arrested in 1996 for FERA violations after retirement
1994 to 1997: A.M. AHMADI: When he was Chief Justice of India
(October 1994-March 1997), his daughter, a lawyer in the Delhi High
Court, caused eyebrows to be raised for getting "special" treatment
from certain judges. When some members of the bar sought a resolution
banning lawyer relatives of judges from staying in the same house, the
CJI got members to defeat the motion.
2000 A.S. ANAND: As Chief Justice of
using his position to get the subordinate judiciary to rule in favour
of his wife and mother-in-law in a suit that had been barred by
limitation for two decades.For more: [049.05] [049.05A] [049.05B]
[049.05C] [049.05D] [049.05E ] called as TANGLED PLOT. Also read Ram
Jethmalani's " BIG EGOS, small men ". (b) Supreme Court , while he
was CJI,directed a CBI probe after a dispute arose over his age in
2000. The investigation report was not made public.This arose due to
scan copy published in Ram Jethmalani's " BIG EGOS, small men ".
2002: SEX FOR ACQUITTAL
In November 2002, Sunita Malviya, a Jodhpur-based doctor, alleged that
a deputy registrar of the Rajasthan High Court had sought sexual
favours for himself and for Justice Arun Madan to "fix" a case in her
favour. Justice Mr.Â• Arun Madan . Case of Lady Sunita Malviya.STATUS:
A committee set up by former CJI G.B. Pattanaik found prima facie
evidence against Madan, who does not attend court anymore. Judge
CASH-FOR-JOB :Three judges of the
the help of disgraced PPSC chief R.P. Sidhu to ensure that their
daughters and other kin topped examinations conducted by the
commission . Judges are M.L. Singh , Mehtab Sing Gill & Amarbir Singh
STATUS: Two inquiry panels indicted the judges. Gill and Amarbir Singh
have resigned M.L. Singh continues, though no work is allotted to him.
2002-03: 3 Judges
3, 2002, three judges of the Karnataka High Court, along with two
women advocates, allegedly got involved in a brawl with a woman guest
at a resort. The police arrived but reportedly didn't take action.
Judges are N.S. Veerabhadraiah , V. Gopalagowda &Â• Chandrashekaraiah
.STATUS: The three-judge inquiry committee appointed by the CJI filed
its report. Gave clean chit.
March 2003 - Delhi High Court Judge resigns: Suspected of collusion
with Property Developers. Raids by CBI on corrupt higher officials in
Delhi Development Authority (DDA), found Draft Judgement-N-Court
E(I)nquiry-in-camera or In-House Inquiry was & is contrary to Law . Is
ultra vires Article 14 of Constitution of India: " The State shall not
deny to any person equality before the law or the equal protection of
the laws within the
Following Questions / Issues, inter alia , arise
( a ) Enquiry in-camera was held contrary to the observations made by,
Constituent Assembly of
held thus:"While we are alive to the desirability, in the interests of
the public, of investigating charges against a Judge in open court, we
held the Enquiry in-camera in view of the allegation made in the
affidavits and the circumstances of the case. This mode of proceeding
should not, however, be regarded as a precedent." [008.07 ].
( b) In the case of similar In-House Inquiry held under the Orders of
Chief Justice of
Ramaswami had held that " Inquiring Committee" as well as " Inquiry"
have no basis & force of law. It is reflected in the Report , which
was read-out by CJI to Advocates & publicised , submitted by 3 Judges
Committee thus" Indeed Justice Ramaswami had made it clear to the
Chief Justice that he did not recognise any such Jurisdiction in any
body or authority."
(c) It will not be out-of place to mention here that Two of "Three
Judges Committee " appointed by CJI in Re. V. Ramaswami's case are
alleged to be involved in Judges Plot 4 Plot.[014.00]. It is like
Criminal investigating another criminal .
( d ) If so how sure can we be that " 3 Judges Committee " appointed
to invetigate " 3 Judges
above Board & have presented an accurate Report ?
Queries to Supreme Court , Parliament of India & Central Government
In Re. Judges'
( a)" Will the Supreme Court Publicise Report of " 3 Judges Committee
" ( all & sundry material); morefully to know whether any evidence
adduced by many in support of Scam is informed to CJI & Supreme
(b) What is the Guarantee that despite prima facie evidence Judges of
Supreme Court which consists of Few corrupt Judges seved in Karnataka
are not inclined to take stern action ?
(c) Investigation of a Crime comitted by Minister or anyone lies
within Executive Domain like the case Justice K.Veeraswami, in this
case CBI . Is it not a case of hushing-up & messing-up of " 3 Pillars
of Constitution " ?.
(d) How long will you try keeping suppressed Crimes of Judges of
Supreme Court & High Courts when Union Law Minister Mr. P. Shiva
Shankar , on 28th Nov.1987 said " Supreme Court is filled with FERA
violators & Bride Burnersâ€¦" ( AIR 1988 SC 1208 ). When Chief Justice
there are 3-4 Judges who are out every evening to Party in Foreign
Embassiies or at Advocates' placesâ€¦drinkâ€¦dineâ€¦" (1990 Cr LJ 2179
(e) 20% of Judges are corrupt , indirectly said Chief Justice of India
Mr. Justice S.P. Bharucha , in other words admitted that 80% of Judges
Then why cases are not filed against 20% of Judges ?
New law needed for witness protection
There is an urgent need to bring forth a bill of right to preserve
protect victims' and witnesses' rights, and due process. This is
to ensure that such persons participate in the legal process without
so that justice can be assured, says H Suresh.
Combat Law, Vol. 4, Issue 1 - On
Human Rights Commission v. State of
that "no law has yet been enacted, not even a scheme has been framed
witnesses." Later on in the case of Zahira v. State of
transferring what is known as the Best Bakery Case, to Mumbai by its
that the witnesses are produced before the concerned court, whenever
are required to attend them, so that they can depose freely without
apprehension of threat or coercion from any person. In case any
for protection, the State of
as deemed necessary, in addition to the protection to be provided for
Between August 2003 and April 2004, neither
framed any witness protection scheme. The Supreme Court itself did
out any guidelines for witness protection in either of these two
erstwhile trial in
partisan trial.' The worst culprit was the State of
its agencies. The censure and the reprimand, were all directed
State and its modern day Neros. "When fences start to swallow the
scope will be left for survival of law and order or truth and
Public order as well as public interest become martyrs and
monuments." It is
unfortunate that the State of
responsibility of protection to the witnesses, as the case stood
the re-trial that is going on in Mumbai.
It is said that, in
persons or corrupt politicians, crucial witnesses turn hostile,
rule of law, a mockery. Very often witnesses become untraceable.
they are just eliminated.
Recommendations by Commissions
The Law Commission in its 14th Report (1958) referred to
'witness-protection', but that was in a limited sense. That related
proper arrangements being provided in the Courthouse, the scales of
travelling allowance, their daily allowance etc. The National Police
Commission Report (1980) again dealt with the inadequacy of daily
for the witnesses, but nothing more. The 154th Report of the Law
1996 contains a chapter on Protection and facilities to Witnesses.
recommendations mostly related to allowances and facilities to be
available for the witnesses. However, one of the recommendations was:
"Witnesses should be protected from the wrath of the accused in any
eventuality", but, again, the Commission did not suggest any measures
the physical protection of witnesses. The 178th Report of Law
again, referred to the fact of witness turning hostile, and the
recommendations were only to prevent witnesses from turning hostile.
Report suggested an amendment to insert S.164 A to the Code of
Procedure, as under:
164 A (1) Any police officer making an investigation into any offence
punishable with imprisonment for a period of ten years or more (with
without fine) including an offence which is punishable with death,
the course of such investigation, forward all persons whose evidence
essential for the just decision of the case, to the nearest
recording their statement.
(2) The Magistrate shall record the statements of such persons
him under sub-section (1) on oath and shall keep such statements with
awaiting further police report under Section 173.
(3) Copies of such statements shall be furnished to the investigating
(4) If the Magistrate recording the statement is not empowered to
cognizance of such offence, he shall send the statements so recorded
magistrate empowered to take cognizance of the case.
(5) The statement of any person duly recorded as a witness under sub-
(1) may, if such witness is produced and examined, in the discretion
court and subject to the provisions of the Indian Evidence Act, 1872,
treated as evidence.
No Government has accepted this. The latest is Malimath Committee
which contains a casual statement that a law should be enacted for
protection to witnesses and their family members, without specifying
provision or scheme whatsoever.
It is ironic that draconian laws like Terrorist and Disruptive
(Prevention) Act, 1987, and Prevention of Terrorism Act, 2002,
protection of witnesses. The prosecution as also the Court could
the identity and the address of the witness be kept secret. The Court
even avoid the mention of the names and addresses in its order or
It is generally perceived that these provisions were incorporated not
any concern for the witnesses, but to prevent the accused from
effective defence and to deny fair trial.
politicians, crucial witnesses turn hostile, making the rule of law,
Under S.151 and 152 of Indian Evidence Act, 1872, victims and
protected from being asked indecent, scandalous, offensive questions,
questions intended to annoy or insult them. Otherwise, there is no
provision for protection of witnesses, as against threats,
any inducement whereby they are prevented from telling the truth.
often, when an accused is released on bail, one of the terms and
imposed by the Court on the accused, is that he shall not tamper the
evidence, or approach the witnesses. This, again, is not as a
protection of the witnesses, but only to ensure the trial is not
infructuous. Judges also hold in-camera trials to ensure deposition
witnesses without any fear or embarrassment. Recently the Supreme
permitted recording of evidence by video-conferencing. All these are
inadequate without a specific legal provision guaranteeing protective
measures to victims before the trial and also after the trial.
Under the English law, threatening a witness from giving evidence, is
contempt of Court. So also any act of threat or revenge against a
after he has given evidence in Court, is also considered as contempt.
Recently the U.K. Government has a law known as Criminal Justice and
Order Act, 1994 which provides for punishment for intimidation of
S.51 of the Act not only protects a person who is actually going to
evidence at a trial, but also protects a person who is helping with
help with the investigation of a crime. Under a similar law in
Crimes Ord (Cap 200) HK, if the threat or intimidation is directed
against a friend or relative of the witness, that becomes a
Comprehensive Crime Control Act, 1984 authorised the Witness Security
Program. The Witness Security Reform Act, 1984 provides for
other protection of a witness or a potential witness in an official
proceeding concerning an organised criminal activity or other serious
offence. Protection may also be provided to the immediate family of,
person closely associated with, such witness or potential witness if
family or person may also be endangered on account of the
the witness in the judicial proceeding.
The Attorney General takes the final decision whether a person is
for protection from bodily injury and otherwise to assure the health,
and welfare of that person. In a large number of cases, witnesses
protected, relocated and sometimes even given new identities. The
assists in providing housing, medical care, job training and
obtaining employment and subsistence funding until the witness
self-sufficient. The Attorney General shall not provide protection to
person if the risk of danger to the public, including the potential
innocent victims, overweighs the need for that person's testimony. A
program is in
Act is "to promote law enforcement by facilitating the protection of
who are involved directly or indirectly in providing assistance in
enforcement matters" [Section 3]. Protection given to a witness may
relocation, accommodation and change of identity as well as
financial support to ensure the security of the protectee or to
his becoming self-sufficient. Admission to the Program is determined
Commissioner of Police on a recommendation by a law enforcement
agency or an
international criminal court or tribunal [Sections 5 and 6]. The
protection depends on the nature of the risk to the security of the
the value of the evidence and the importance in the matter.
The Australian Witness Protection Act, 1994 establishes the National
Protection Program in which (amongst others) the Commissioner of the
Australian Federal Police arranges or provides protection and other
assistance for witnesses [Section 4]. The witness must disclose a
information about himself before he is included in the Program. This
includes his outstanding legal obligations, details of his criminal
details of his financial liabilities and assets etc. [Section 7]. The
Commissioner has the sole responsibility of deciding whether to
witness in the Program.
The Witness Protection Act, 1998 of
establishment of an office called the Office for Witness Protection
the Department of Justice. The Director of this office is responsible
the protection of witnesses and related persons and exercises control
Witness Protection Officers and Security Officers [Section 4]. Any
who has reason to believe that his safety is threatened by any person
group or class of persons may report such belief to the Investigating
Officer in a proceeding or any person in-charge of a police station
Public Prosecutor etc. [Section 7] and apply for being placed under
protection. The application is then considered by a Witness
Officer who prepares a report, which is then submitted to The
[Section 9]. The Director, having due regard to the report and the
recommendation of the Witness Protection Officer, takes into account
following factors, inter alia, [Section 10] for deciding whether a
should be placed under protection or not:
The nature and extent of the risk to the safety of the witness or
The nature of the proceedings in which the witness has given evidence
be required to give evidence.
The importance, relevance and nature of the evidence, etc.
In European countries such as
Protection Programme covers organised crimes, terrorism, and other
crimes where the accused already know the witness/victim.
It is ironic that draconian laws like Terrorist and Disruptive
(Prevention) Act, 1987, and Prevention of Terrorism Act, 2002,
protection of witnesses.
A comprehensive witness protection programme is in the
law, the Witness Protection Security and Benefit Act, aims to protect
witnesses and grant them certain rights and benefits to ensure their
appearance in investigative bodies/court. Protection is given to
in cases involving grave offences. Sometimes protection could be
given to a
person who has participated in the commission of a crime but desires
to be a
witness for the State (such as approvers). Before a person is
protection under this Act, he/she shall first execute a Memorandum of
Agreement with the Secretary of Department of Justice, which shall
the witness' duties and responsibilities such as, but not limited to,
To testify before and provide information to all appropriate law
officials concerning or arising from the activities involved in the
To avoid the commission of a crime;
To take all necessary precautions to avoid detection by others of the
concerning the protection provided him under the Act;
To comply with legal obligations and civil judgements against him;
To cooperate with respect to all reasonable requests of off1icer and
employers of the Government who are providing him protection.
To regularly reform the program officials of his current activities
To comply with such other conditions as may be imposed by the
Once a person/witness has been accepted under the witness protection
program, he/she shall have the following rights and benefits:
To have a secure housing facility or, when circumstances warrant, to
relocation and/or change of personal identity at the expense of the
To have a means of livelihood and financial assistance from the
his support and that of his family.
Not to be removed from or demoted in work provided his/her employer
notified through a certification to be issued by the Department of
Further, he/she shall be paid his/her equivalent salaries or wages
corresponding to the number of days of absence.
To be provided with reasonable travelling expenses and subsistence
To be provided with free medical treatment, hospitalisation and
If a witness is killed because of his participation in the Program,
heirs shall be entitled to a burial benefit of not less than Ten
Pesos P10,000.00 exclusive of any other benefit he may be entitled
In case of death or permanent incapacity, his minor or dependent
shall be entitled to free education from primary to college level in
state or private school, college or university as may be determined
Department of Justice. However, if the witness covered by the scheme
or refuses to testify, he would be liable for contempt and also for
if he testifies falsely or evasively.
International Criminal Court
The need for setting up separate victim and witness protection units
trial of mass crimes has been acknowledged in the setting up of
international tribunals to deal with them. The International Criminal
witnesses. Similar provisions exist in the Statute for the creation
International Criminal Court (ICC). In most of the cases, witnesses
victims of the crime. And the most vulnerable amongst them are women
children. Under the existing system they are mere pawns in a criminal
and there is very little concern for protecting their real interests.
protection is necessary so that there is no miscarriage of justice;
protection is also necessary to restore in them, a sense of human
which stands shattered in a situation like
The Declaration of Basic Principles of Justice for Victims of Crime
Abuse of Power was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly in
resolution 40/34 of
this declaration, victims of crime are described as persons who,
individually or collectively, have suffered harm, including physical
mental injury, emotional suffering, economic loss or substantial
of their fundamental rights, through acts or omissions that are in
of criminal laws operative in Member States, including those laws
proscribing criminal abuse of power. It is they who need protection.
Urgent Need for a Law
As it is, as we have seen in Best Bakery case, the person who is most
to suffer is Zahira, herself. She had seen the crime; she had seen
criminals, but when time came for her to be bold enough to depose
Court, she found that she was in an atmosphere which was wholly
her - the prosecutor, the defence lawyer, the accused, the supporters
accused - perhaps the judge whom she was not sure of. The trial
mockery. Later on, when she was resurrected by the efforts of well-
N.G.Os, and the Supreme Court transferred the case to Mumbai,
there was a feeling that justice will be done to the victims.
she is again caught in the same quandary. So, again she becomes a
witness, liable for perjury and also liable for contempt of court. Is
any legally just and fair solution for this conundrum of these events?
Protection is also necessary to restore a sense of human dignity
stands shattered in a situation like
Therefore, there is an urgent need to bring forth a bill of right to
preserve and protect victims'/witnesses' rights, justice and due
Such a bill should include the following: To be treated with
respect, and dignity, and to be free from intimidation, harassment,
abuse, throughout the criminal justice process.
To be informed, upon request, when the accused or convicted person is
released from custody or has escaped.
To be present at and, upon request, to be informed of all criminal
proceedings where the accused has the right to be present.
To be heard at the time of the granting of bail to the accused and
To confer with the prosecution, after the crime against the victim
charged, before a criminal court.
To receive prompt restitution from the person or persons convicted of
criminal conduct that caused the victim's loss or injury.
To be heard at any proceeding when any post-conviction bail from
custody is being considered by a competent court of law.
To a speedy trial and prompt and final conclusion of the case after
conviction and sentence.
To frame rules and provide for a witness protection programme which
remain in force not only before the trial, but also thereafter. The
should also provide for recording of evidence of such witnesses,
on filing the charge-sheet, de-bene-esse-, while the rest of the
be held in due course. Since tele-conference has been recognised,
witnesses could be examined and cross-examined through tele-
methods. AND above all,
To be informed of victims' constitutional rights.
Combat Law, Volume 4, Issue 1
(published May 2005 in India Together)
H Suresh is a retired judge of the Mumbai High Court.
PROTECTION OF WITNESSES IN CRIMINAL CASES
In the 7 year old jessica lal murder case , all the accussed –
children of rich & mighty have gone scot free , for lack of both
prosecution & witnesses. The culprits have forced the witnesses to
remain silent through the use of muscle & money power. The
investigating police official, from the beginning has done roughshod
work & also have played a role in silencing witnesses. I.O MORE RICHER
NOW? PROMOTIONS? The presiding judge of the court has overlooked many
omissions & commissions by the prosecution and in a hurry closed the
case , acquitting all the accussed. Reward for judge – promotion as
high court judge. In this way, the police-prosecutor-judge were
together ganged up against the victim from the beginning. Also, the
witnesses were afraid of brute muscle power of rowdies & rowdies in
Now, take the gujarath riots case. In the first place riot took place
under the active patronage of gujarath state government machinery.
Naturally the police , prosecutors & judges in gujarath were against
the riot victims & closed one case after another, acquitting the
guilty. However the apex court got transferred riot cases out of
gujarath , under public pressure. However, even the apex court failed
to instill confidence , in the prime witness of best bakery case , the
apex court failed to positively reassure the witness of her safety &
livlihood. As a result , out of fear she became hostile- went on
changing her statements.
In this manner, numerous low profile cases involving commonman are
buried , witnesses silenced by the corrupt nexus of police-prosecutor-
judge. They don't even draw media attention as they are low profile.
Drastic reforms of criminal justice system in
Punishing the hostile witness is not the solution. Accountability of
investigating officers , police , prosecutors & judges is needed.how
come some police officials , public prosecutors & judges are leading
luxurious lifestyles, beyond the scope of their legal income?
Recently in the media there was mention of a C.D of alleged
conversation between samajvadi party M.P mr.amar singh & U.P chief
minister , about influencing a high court judge & fixing a case. This
is the way our judiciary functions in
judges – out of turn promotions, post retirement postings , postings
to kith & kin , land allotments , etc.
Accountability of judiciary & investigating agencies is the need of
the day. Let us start with polygraph tests for I.O , POLICE , PUBLIC
PROSECUTOR & JUDGE of jessica lal murder case.
New Delhi:It's been suspected by many, but confirmation of the police falsely implicating people by planting drugs on them has now come from the policeman himself who has been accused of planting drugs on two innocent people.
Sub-Inspector Ranbir Singh of the Narcotics Control Bureau (NCB) admitted at the Delhi High Court that testing kits for checking banned drugs wereoften defective. What's more officers often replaced the recovered substance with lethal drugs in order to implicate them. A shocked court has summoned the NCB director to explain the charge.
Ranbir is himself tainted of this grave abuse of authority. There is an FIR against him for falsely implicating rwo persons under the harsh Narcotics Drugs and Psychotropic Substances act. He claimed to have recovered 100gm heroin from them which later turned out to be harmless paracetomal powder.
The officer is now seeking to get the FIR quashed and in his defence has claimed that he was not the only one who framed people, several other officers did the same.
The Judge has also summoned the Kamala Market Narcotics Cell in-charge from whose area Singh allegedly picked up the two persons.
The Director and the Cell in-charge will have to explain before the court as to how these two innocents were booked and thrown into jail when two forensic reports clearly stated that the substance in question was paracetomol.
The case in which Singh is involved took place in March last year. Gyanender and Santosh were arrested by him for alleged possesion of heroin. The substance was sent for testing to two CFCL labs-one in Rohini and the other in Chandigarh- and both labs reported back that the powder was'nt heroin but just parecetomal.
After this came to light, the additional sessions judge hearing the case acquited the two men and recommended that an FIR be lodged against Singh as the two undertrials had to languish in jail because of the wanton abuse of authority.
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